Breast cancer-related lymphedema - What are Predictors

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Breast cancer-related lymphedema - What are Predictors

Postby patoco » Sat Feb 03, 2007 6:51 pm

Breast cancer-related lymphedema - what are the significant predictors and how they affect the severity of lymphedema?

Soran A,
D'Angelo G,
Begovic M,
Ardic F,
Harlak A,
Samuel Wieand H,
Vogel VG,
Johnson RR.
Magee-Womens Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

According to the American Cancer Society, there are currently 2 million
breast cancer (BC) survivors in the USA and 20% of them cope with
lymphedema (LE). The primary aim of this study was to determine the
predictive factors of BC-related LE. The secondary aim was to
investigate the impact of predictors on the severity of LE. The study
design was intended to be a 1:2 matched case-control study. Instead, we
stratified on age (+/-10 years), radiation therapy (y/n), and type of
operation (SM/MRM/MRM with tram). Patients who underwent BC surgery
between 1990 and 2000 at UPMC Magee-Womens Hospital were reviewed for LE. Data were collected on 52 women with LE and 104 female controls.
Logistic regression was utilized to assess the relationship between
risk factors and LE.

Ordinal logistic regression was performed to determine the association
between risk factors and severity of LE. Severity was defined according
to the volume difference between affected and unaffected limbs. Risk
factors considered were occupation/hobby (hand use), TNM stage, number of dissected nodes, number of positive nodes, tumor size, infection, allergy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypothyroidism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and body mass index (BMI). LE was mild in 43 patients and was moderate/severe in nine patients. The level of hand use in the control group was categorized as low in 56 (54%), medium in 15 (14%), and high in 33 (32%) patients.

The corresponding frequencies were 14 (33%), 6 (14%) and 23 (53%) for
patients with mild LE and 3 (33%), 1 (11%), 5 (56%) for patients with
moderate/severe LE (p <>

PMID: 17238983 [PubMed - in process]

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